Monday, December 8, 2014

Police See Black Children as Older and More Guilty than WhiteChildren;

Making Progress; Moving Forward!
Black Male Teens 21 Times More Likely to Get Killed by Police
10 Rules to Survive Police
Afraid of Dark Premiere
AKA's Encourage Banking
School Superintendents - Vital or Irrelevant?

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Study: Police see black children as less innocent and less young than white children

Katie McDonough
March 11, 2014
In a new study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, researchers asked college students and police officers to estimate the ages of young children who they were told had committed a crime (both misdemeanors and felonies). In both groups, respondents were far more likely to overestimate the ages of young black boys than young white boys; they were also less likely to view black children as innocent.
"Children in most societies are considered to be in a distinct group with characteristics such as innocence and the need for protection," study author and professor of psychology at UCLA Phillip Atiba Goff said of the study. "Our research found that black boys can be seen as responsible for their actions at an age when white boys still benefit from the assumption that children are essentially innocent."
The goal of the study, according to researchers, was to determine the extent to which respondents dehumanized young black children, and how this racist dehumanization can lead to violence and unjust treatment. "[I]f human childhood affords protections against harsh, adult-like treatment, then in contexts where these children are dehumanized, they can be treated with adult severity" - specifically in the criminal justice system, researchers wrote.
The research is a disturbing snapshot of racism in America and its consequences for black children. "Most children are allowed to be innocent until adulthood," researchers wrote, "black children may be perceived as innocent only until deemed suspicious."
Click Here to Read Full Article

Report: Black Male Teens Are 21 Times More Likely To Be Killed By Cops Than White Ones

Photo of 12 Year old Tamir Rice, Killed by Cleveland Police Provided by The Black Star Project - (photo Source)
OCTOBER 10, 2014
There's a lot we don't know about how many people have actually been killed at police hands in the United States, thanks to woefully inadequate transparency and federal record-keeping. But there's one thing we do now know: Among those we do know were shot by police, black teens were 21 times more likely to be shot dead than their white counterparts.
"The 1,217 deadly police shootings from 2010 to 2012 captured in the federal data show that blacks, age 15 to 19, were killed at a rate of 31.17 per million, while just 1.47 per million white males in that age range died at the hands of police," a new ProPublica report explains, noting that if whites were killed at the same ratio there would have been another 185 white deaths, just during that three-year period, just of those in that narrow age range.
To arrive at this statistic, ProPublica analyzed the list of 12,000 police shooting deaths that were self-reported by agencies to the Federal Bureau of Investigation between 1980 and 2012. Because this data is self-reported and departments are not required to submit information, this data likely significantly undercounts the number of shootings. Florida departments, for example, haven't submitted data since 1997 and New York City hasn't submitted data since 2007. And the FBI asks only for "justifiable homicide"figures, meaning in those instances where the shootings are most overtly viewed as unjustified or the litigation is ongoing, departments are less likely to report.
Still, assessing available data may provide the best insight we have into how grave racial disparities in police violence are, particularly when it comes to young black men, who were stopped by NYPD officers in 2011 more times than the total number of young black men in New York City. Unsurprisingly, past analyses have also found disproportionate violence against blacks, including a 2007 investigation by Colorlines and the Chicago Reporter in 10 major cities. An NAACP report of Oakland, California, found that 37 of 45 police-involved shootings were of blacks, while zero were of whites. "Although weapons were not found in 40 percent of cases, the NAACP found, no officers were charged," Mother Jones reported.
Studies of human and police behavior suggest that racial bias is baked into policing, particularly because individuals misperceive the threat posed by African Americans. Nonetheless, a 2012 poll after the George Zimmerman verdict found that that the gap between whites and blacks who think the justice system is biased was greater than ever.

10 Rules of Survival When A Young Black Man Is Stopped by the Police in America
The Dare To Be King Project founder David Miller created a flyer with 10 Rules of Survival If Stopped By Police that has went viral. The Dare To Be King Project inspires, supports and strengthens organizations that provide services to boys of color. With the death of Ferguson, MO unarmed teen Mike Brown, and hundreds more young Black men this year, many are looking for answers and ways to end these senseless killing at the hands of officers.

Click Here to Learn More About Dare to Be King
50,000 young Black men and boys will be mentored
with a curriculum of
Black Male Achievement
National Mentoring Month
January 2015
Will your elementary school, high school, college, church, fraternity, community organization, youth organization, sports team, street organization (gang), youth detainment facility or any other organization that has control of the minds of young Black men and boys join this mentoring effort any day during the month of January 2015, but most notably on Dr. Martin Luther King's Birthday, Monday, January 19, 2015?
This 3-hour mentoring session on Black Male Achievement includes:
  • What is The Black Male Achievement Movement?
  • Module on Black History and Culture
  • Module on Family Development and Fatherhood
  • Module on Education and Learning
  • Module on Economics, Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development
  • A Review of 100 Historical, Highly-Principled Black Male Achievers
  • A Certificate of Completion for Youth Participating in the Black Male Achievement Mentoring Session
For More Information, Please call 773.285.9600 or Click Here to register for a Black Male Achievement mentoring session today.
See Film Premiere of
Afraid of Dark
Directed by Chicago's Own, Mya B.
Saturday, December 6, 2014
1:00 CST
Chicago Cultural Center's Cassidy Theater
77 East Randolph Street
Chicago, Illinois
"Why is everyone so afraid of black men?" In her new documentary, "Afraid of Dark", filmmaker Mya B. attempts to answer this question. In examining two of the most prevalent stereotypes about the black man as the brute and as the Mandingo we are led on a journey to understanding how the fear of these stereotypes have contributed to the rates of violence and incarceration against black men. We see how racism uses black on black crime and other unfortunate occurrences in black communities as justification for attacks on black males by police and citizen vigilantes alike.

The Film Cast:
Dr. Cornel West, Tom Burrell, Sadat X, General Steele, Malik Yoba, Vondie Curtis Hall, Lou Myers, Kevin Powell, Brooklyn Borough President - Eric Adams, Peter Gunz, Phillips Verner Bradford, Dr. Khalil Muhammad, Malakot Baker, Kenya K. Stevens, Dr. Sunni Ali, Infmega, Hasan Salaam, Mikeflo, Sam Reynolds, Miles McAfee, Umi, DJ Hard Hittin Harry, Chen lo, Chris Rob, Dr. Herukhuti, Sam Greenlee, and many more amazing men...

Film Screening and Panel Discussion;
Sponsored and presented by ImageNation Cinema Foundation and the Illinois Humanities Council
Click Here to View Trailer of Afraid of Dark
Open a Bank Account for $10 and Earn a Free Membership to The DuSable Museum of African American History

School Superintendents: Vital or Irrelevant?

By Matthew M. Chingos, Grover J. "Russ" Whitehurst and Katharine M. Lindquist
September 3, 2014

In recent years, research has confirmed that teachers, principals, and school districts have meaningful effects on students' academic achievement. But what about the highly visible person in charge of the school district? As the highest ranking official in a district, the superintendent receives a lot of credit when things go well, and just as much blame when they don't. But there is almost no quantitative research that addresses the impact of superintendents on student learning outcomes. "School Superintendents: Vital or Irrelevant?" provides some of the first empirical evidence on the topic.

In this report, the authors examine the extent to which school district effects on student learning are due to the superintendent in charge, as compared to characteristics of districts that are independent of their leaders. Analyzing student-level data from the states of Florida and North Carolina for the school years 2000-01 to 2009-10, the authors find that:
  1. School district superintendent is largely a short-term job. The typical superintendent has been in the job for three to four years.
  2. Student achievement does not improve with longevity of superintendent service within their districts.
  3. Hiring a new superintendent is not associated with higher student achievement.
  4. Superintendents account for a very small fraction (0.3 percent) of student differences in achievement. This effect, while statistically significant, is orders of magnitude smaller than that associated with any other major component of the education system, including: measured and unmeasured student characteristics; teachers; schools; and districts.
  5. Individual superintendents who have an exceptional impact on student achievement cannot be reliably identified.
Figure. Variance in Fourth and Fifth Grade Student Achievement in Mathematics Associated with Various Influences, North Carolina, 2000-01 to 2009-10
Ultimately, the authors conclude that when district academic achievement improves or deteriorates, the superintendent is likely to be playing a part in an ensemble performance in which the superintendent's role could be filled successfully by many others. In the end, it is the system that promotes or hinders student achievement. Superintendents are largely indistinguishable.

Click Here to Read Full Report
Click Here to Listen to "The Short Shelf Life of Urban School Superintendents"

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